文章摘要
陈娟,黄成.徽州民宅中书房空间装饰特征及精神内涵研究[J].安徽建筑大学学报,2019,27():
徽州民宅中书房空间装饰特征及精神内涵研究
Research on the decorative features and spiritual meaning of the study inside folk’s homes at Huizhou
投稿时间:2018-08-28  修订日期:2019-06-01
DOI:
中文关键词: 徽州民宅  书房  装饰特征  精神内涵
英文关键词: traditional villages  folk crafts  fieldwork  practice
基金项目:安徽省高等学校人文社会科学重点研究项目:《徽州古书院(屋)空间的文化内涵研究(SK2016A0334)》
作者单位E-mail
陈娟 安徽大学艺术与传媒学院 806759704@qq.com 
黄成 安徽建筑大学  
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中文摘要:
      徽州自古文教昌盛,有“东南邹鲁”之谓。明代中后期的徽商迅速崛起,给徽州教育提供财力上的支持,徽州教育达到空前极盛,成为明清时期徽州文化的一个重要组成部分。在这种社会环境下,书房作为文化教育的一种特殊私空间,不论从建筑规模、装饰形式均得到长足的发展。本文从徽州承志堂书房空间布局、装饰形式、陈设艺术、精神内涵入手,对空间、人、物、思想进行解析,指出他们之间共生的规律,分析徽州书屋承载着文心与匠心的思想交融。凸显书房的装饰不只是文人们功能性的修读之所,而是徽人更大程度上的一种精神的投射,揭示出这些历史遗存所蕴涵的内在文化精神。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: Huizhou has long been known for the prosperity of its culture and education, and thus acclaimed as “the Zhou State and Lu State in Southeast China” (Zhou and Lu were famous for its promotion of culture and education in the ancient time). In the middle and later periods of the Ming Dynasty, Hui Businessmen rose rapidly and became the strong financial support for local educational career, promoting it to reach the unprecedented peak and forming an important part of the Hui Culture in the Qing and Ming Dynasties. In such social circumstances, study as a kind of special private space has witnessed considerable development in terms of both architectural scale and decorative form. Starting with the spatial arrangement, decorative form, furnishing art and spiritual meaning of Chengzhi Mansion with the historical and representative study in Huizhou, this article interprets the space, figures, things and thoughts in association with the study, points out the rules of their co-existence and analyzes the ideological blend of scholars and artisans. Moreover, the decoration of the study highlights not only the function of a study, but a kind of spiritual reflection of Hui people to a greater degree. This discloses the intrinsic cultural spirit contained in the historical heritage in Huizhou. Key words: Huizhou folk’s home, study, decorative features, spiritual meaning
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