文章摘要
方晓红,李久林.中国物质与非物质文化遗产分布空间错位及影响因素研究[J].安徽建筑大学学报,2023,31(3):37-43,70
中国物质与非物质文化遗产分布空间错位及影响因素研究
A Study on the Spatial Mismatch between the Distribution of Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage in China and the Influencing Factors
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 文化遗产  空间分布  空间错位  影响因素  多尺度地理加权回归(MGWR)
英文关键词: cultural heritage  spatial distribution  spatial dislocation  influencing factors  multiscale geographic weighted regression
基金项目:安徽省高校省级人文社会科学优秀青年项目(2022AH030030)
作者单位
方晓红 安庆职业技术学院 建筑工程学院安徽 安庆 246000 
李久林 安徽建筑大学 建筑与规划学院安徽 合肥 230601 
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中文摘要:
      研究以国家级物质与非物质文化遗产为对象,采用核密度、空间错位指数、多尺度地理加权回归等方法,分析我国文化遗产分布的空间错位及其影响因素。结果表明:1)我国物质与非物质文化遗产局部呈现集聚分布态势,物质文化遗产主要集聚在浙闽皖、黔湘桂渝、晋冀豫的省域边界地区;非物质文化遗产主要聚集在京津冀与长三角地区。2)物质与非物质遗产分布表现出显著的空间错位特征,胡焕庸线以东区域“非遗”密度相对高于物质遗产密度,其中,以北京、上海的情况最为显著。3)文化遗产分布空间错位是多种因素共同作用的结果,自然环境因素在宏观尺度上发挥作用,社会环境因素在局部发挥异质性作用。整体来看,社会环境因素作用强度显著大于自然环境因素,其中,人口密度是最主要的影响因素之一。研究结果有助于促进物质与非物质文化遗产的有机融合,为推动我国文化遗产的协同性、整体性与原真性保护提供参考。
英文摘要:
      The study analyzes the spatial dislocation of national tangible and intangible cultural heritage distribution in China and its influencing factors by using nuclear density,spatial dislocation index,and multi-scale geographically weighted regression. The results show that:1) the tangible and intangible cultural heritage in China show a local clustering distribution,with tangible cultural heritage mainly in the provincial boundary areas of Zhejiang-Fujian-Anhui,Guizhou-Hunan-Guangxi-Chongqing,Shanxi-Hebei-Henan and intangible cultural heritage in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and the Yangtze River Delta;2) the distribution of tangible and intangible heritage shows a significant spatial mismatch,and the density of intangible heritage is higher than that of tangible heritage in the east side of Hu Huanyong Line,among which the density of intangible heritage is most significantly higher in Beijing and Shanghai;3) the spatial dislocation is caused by various factors,with natural factors playing a role at the macroscopic scale and social factors a heterogeneous role at the macroscopic scale,while the later are stronger than the former,as population density is one of the most important factors. The results can promote the integration of tangible and intangible cultural heritage,and provide a reference for the synergistic,holistic and original conservation of cultural heritage in China.
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