文章摘要
唐礼平,胡庆南,韩婷婷.混合式三稳态压电能量俘获器动力性能分析[J].安徽建筑大学学报,2024,32():
混合式三稳态压电能量俘获器动力性能分析
Dynamic Performance Analysis of Hybrid Tri-stable Piezoelectric Energy Harvester
投稿时间:2023-04-03  修订日期:2023-05-16
DOI:
中文关键词: 压电能量俘获器  力电耦合  弹性放大器  谐波平衡法  阱间运动
英文关键词: piezoelectric energy harvester  electro-mechanical coupling  elastic amplifier  harmonic balance method  inter-well motion
基金项目:安徽省自然科学基金面上项目(2108085MA28);安徽省BIM工程中心主任基金(AHBIM2020001ZR)和安徽省教育厅科学研究项目—一般项目(KJ2021JD01)
作者单位E-mail
唐礼平* 安徽建筑大学 tangliping_1228@163.com 
胡庆南 安徽建筑大学  
韩婷婷 安徽建筑大学  
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中文摘要:
      为了提高压电能量俘获器在低强度外界激励下的俘能表现,基于三稳态压电悬臂梁能量俘获器模型,在U形框架和基底之间以及压电悬臂梁固定端与U形框架之间分别装置一个弹性放大器,提出一种混合式三稳态压电能量俘获器(TPEH+DEM)模型。基于Hamilton原理建立了TPEH+DEM系统的非线性力电耦合运动方程,并利用谐波平衡法分析了弹性放大器的质量和弹簧刚度、磁铁之间相对距离、负载电阻等对TPEH+DEM系统能量收集水平的影响。结果表明:在一定的外界激励频率范围内,TPEH+DEM系统的响应输出功率存在两个峰值,合理调节弹性放大器的质量和刚度能使系统在较低的外界激励强度下进入阱间运动,产生很高的输出功率。相比于仅带有弹性基底的传统三稳态压电能量俘获器,TPEH+DEM模型在低频外界激励下具有更好的俘能表现。
英文摘要:
      In order to improve the energy harvesting performance of the piezoelectric energy harvester under low external excitation level, based on the multi-stable piezoelectric cantilever energy harvester model, two elastic amplifiers is respectively installed, one is installed between the U-shaped frame and the substrate, and the other is installed between the U-shaped frame and the fixed end of the cantilever beam, and then a hybrid tri-stable piezoelectric energy harvester (TPEH+DEM) model is proposed. The nonlinear electro-mechanical coupling equation of the TPEH+DEM system is established by using Hamilton principle. The influence of the mass ratio and spring stiffness ratio of the two elastic amplifiers, the relative distance between the magnets, and the load resistance on the energy harvesting level of the TPEH+DEM system is analyzed. And it turns out that within a certain range of external excitation frequency, the response output power of the TPEH+DEM system has two peak values . Reasonable adjustment of the mass ratio and spring stiffness ratio of the two elastic amplifier can make the system enter inter-well motion under low external excitation intensity, and produce high output power. Compared with the traditional multi-stable piezoelectric energy harvester with only an elastic substrate, the TPEH+DEM model has better performance of energy harvesting under low frequency external excitation level.
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