文章摘要
方晓红,李久林.中国物质与非物质文化遗产分布空间错位及影响因素研究[J].安徽建筑大学学报,2023,31():
中国物质与非物质文化遗产分布空间错位及影响因素研究
A Study on the Spatial Mismatch between the Distribution of Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage in China and the Influencing Factors
投稿时间:2023-03-23  修订日期:2023-04-25
DOI:
中文关键词: 文化遗产  空间分布  空间错位  影响因素  多尺度地理加权回归(MGWR)
英文关键词: cultural heritage  spatial distribution  spatial dislocation  influencing factors  multiscale geographic
基金项目:安徽省高校省级人文社会科学优秀青年项目
作者单位E-mail
方晓红 安庆职业技术学院 1419148437@qq.com 
李久林* 安徽建筑大学 lijiul90@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      文化遗产的保护与利用是增强文化认同,坚定文化自信,提升国家文化竞争力,推动文化强国战略的重要源泉。研究以国家级物质与非物质文化遗产为对象,采用核密度、空间错位指数、多尺度地理加权回归等方法,分析我国文化遗产分布的空间错位及其影响因素。结果表明:1)我国物质与非物质文化遗产局部呈现出集聚分布态势,物质文化遗产主要集聚在浙闽皖、黔湘桂渝、晋冀豫的省域边界地区;而非物质文化遗产主要聚集在京津冀与长三角地区。2)物质与非物质遗产分布表现出显著的空间错位特征,胡焕庸线以东区域非遗密度相对高于物质遗产密度,其中北京、上海的非遗密度高于物质遗产密度的情况最为显著,山西省物质遗产密度高于非遗密度最为显著。3)文化遗产分布空间错位是多种因素共同作用的结果,自然环境因素在宏观尺度上发挥作用,社会环境因素在局部发挥出异质性作用,且整体来看社会环境因素作用强度显著大于自然环境因素,其中人口密度是最主要的影响因素之一。研究结果有助于促进物质文化遗产与非物质文化遗产的有机融合,为推动我国文化遗产的协同、整体性与原真性保护提供参考。
英文摘要:
      The protection and utilization of cultural heritage is an important source to enhance cultural identity, strengthen cultural confidence, improve national cultural competitiveness, and promote the strategy of cultural power. The study analyzes the spatial dislocation of cultural heritage distribution in China and its influencing factors by using nuclear density, spatial dislocation index, and multi-scale geographically weighted regression as the objects of national tangible and intangible cultural heritage. The results show that: 1) the tangible and intangible cultural heritage in China show a local clustering distribution, with tangible cultural heritage mainly concentrated in the provincial boundary areas of Zhejiang-Fujian-Anhui, Guizhou-Hunan-Guangxi-Chongqing, Shanxi-Shaanxi-Henan; while intangible cultural heritage is mainly concentrated in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and the Yangtze River Delta. 2) the distribution of tangible and intangible heritage shows a significant spatial mismatch The density of intangible heritage is relatively higher than that of tangible heritage in the region east of Hu Huanyong Line, among which the density of intangible heritage is most significantly higher than that of tangible heritage in Beijing and Shanghai, and the density of tangible heritage is most significantly higher than that of intangible heritage in Shanxi Province. 3) The spatial mismatch in the distribution of cultural heritage is the result of a combination of factors, with natural environmental factors playing a role in the macroscopic scale and social environmental factors playing a local The natural environmental factors play a role at the macroscopic scale, while the social environmental factors play a heterogeneous role at the local level, and the overall social environmental factors are significantly stronger than the natural environmental factors, among which population density is one of the most important influencing factors. The results of the study can help promote the organic integration of tangible and intangible cultural heritage, and provide a reference for promoting the synergistic, holistic and original conservation of cultural heritage in China
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