文章摘要
张吕瑾,丁仁船.流动人口社会距离对其居留意愿的影响研究[J].安徽建筑大学学报,2021,29(6):75-82
流动人口社会距离对其居留意愿的影响研究
Study on the Influence of Social Distance of Floating Population on Their Residence Intention
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 流动人口  社会距离  居留意愿  logistic 模型
英文关键词: floating population  social distance  residence intention  logistic model
基金项目:安徽省高校人文社科重大项目(SK2017ZD43)
作者单位
张吕瑾 安徽建筑大学  公共管理学院安徽  合肥  230601 
丁仁船 安徽建筑大学  公共管理学院安徽  合肥  230601 
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中文摘要:
      目前我国城市化以“半城市化”形式为主,受“户籍制度”等二元社会体制的制约,流动人口与流入地城市之间存在的社会距离不利于双方的交互融合。根据 2017 年全国流动人口监测数据,将社会距离指标分为行为、体验和意愿三个测量维度,运用二元 logistic 模型,采用逐步回归方法以研究社会距离相关因素对流动人口居留意愿所产生的影响。研究发现,性别、学历、婚姻状况、就业身份和收入对流动人口的居留意愿存在显著正向影响;其次,在社会行为距离方面,社会参与行为对流动人口居留意愿具有显著正向影响,管理参与行为具有显著反向影响;在社会体验距离方面,城市包容性和身份认同对居留意愿具有正向影响;在社会意愿距离方面,户口迁入意愿和融入意愿对居留意愿具有正向影响。综上,流动人口社会距离对其居留意愿具有一定影响,且总体呈正相关,即社会距离越小,其居留意愿越强。由此,当前新型城镇化的设计要完善对于流动群体与本地居民的交互融合,积极鼓舞流动人口在城市进行社会参与、交往融入,以缩短社会距离,进而提升其居留意愿。
英文摘要:
      At present,China’s urbanization is mainly in the form of “semi-urbanization”,which is constrained by the dualisticsocial system such as the “household registration system”,and the social distance between the floating population and the targetedcities is not conducive to their interaction or integration. Based on the national monitoring data of the floating population in 2017,thesocial distance index was divided into three dimensions:behavior,experience and intention. The binary logistic model and stepwiseregression method are used to study the impact of social distance-related factors on the floating population’s residence intention. Itis found that gender,education,marital status,employment status and income have a significant positive impact on the residenceintention of floating population;in terms of social behavior distance,social participation has a significant positive impact on thefloating population’s residence intention,and management participation has a significant negative impact;in terms of socialexperience distance,urban inclusiveness and identity have a positive impact on residence intention;in terms of social intensiondistance,the intention to move in and integration have a positive impact on the residence intention. To sum up,the social distance offloating population has a certain impact on their residence intention,and there is an overall positive correlation,that is,the less thesocial distance is,the stronger the residence intention is. Therefore,the new urbanization should improve the integration between thefloating population and local residents,and encourage the former to participate in social interaction,so as to reduce the social distanceand enhance their intention to stay.
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