文章摘要
郑倩.高等教育省域时空分布差异性研究 ——基于空间计量分析[J].安徽建筑大学学报,2022,30():
高等教育省域时空分布差异性研究 ——基于空间计量分析
A Study on the Spatial and Temporal Differences of Higher Education in Different Provinces ——Based on Spatial Econometric Analysis
投稿时间:2021-03-10  修订日期:2021-06-25
DOI:
中文关键词: 高等教育  空间计量  Moran's I  差异性
英文关键词: higher education  Spatial econometric  Moran's I  differences
基金项目:安徽建筑大学引进人才及博士启动基金(2016QD16),安徽省自然科学基金项目(2008085J01)
作者单位E-mail
郑倩 安徽建筑大学 zhengqian19960202@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      近年来中国高等教育规模快速扩张,高等教育区域发展不均衡的现象也愈加突出。以中国大陆30个省域2000-2019年的面板数据为研究对象,采用空间计量方法对中国高教育学校数、在校学生数和专任教师数三项指标的省域时空分布规律及其差异性进行研究。研究结果表明:中国各省域高等教育学校数、在校学生数和专任教师数均具有明显的空间集聚性;在探索期内前10年省域间高等教育空间集聚特征不断加大,后10年集聚特征有所减小;高等教育规模分布出现明显的东强西弱态势,且东部沿海及中部少数发达省域高等教育发展迅速,西部的四川省域出现罕见的“发展极”现象。
英文摘要:
      In recent years, the scale of China's higher education has expanded rapidly, and the phenomenon of unbalanced regional development of higher education has become increasingly prominent. Based on the panel data of 2000-2019 provinces in 30 provinces in mainland China, the spatial temporal distribution and its differences of the Chinese mainland higher education schools, the number of students in school and the number of full-time teachers were studied by spatial econometric method. The results show that the number of higher education institutions, students and full-time teachers in each province of China have obvious spatial agglomeration; During the exploration period, the spatial agglomeration characteristics of higher education among provinces in the first 10 years are increasing, while the agglomeration characteristics in the last 10 years are decreasing; The scale distribution of higher education is obviously strong in the East and weak in the west, and the higher education in the eastern coastal areas and a few developed provinces in the central is developing rapidly, while in the Western Sichuan Province, there is a rare phenomenon of "development pole".
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