文章摘要
周筠婷,张超.农业转移人口阶段性市民化策略研究——基于社会组织赋能视角[J].安徽建筑大学学报,2021,29(2):88-94
农业转移人口阶段性市民化策略研究——基于社会组织赋能视角
Study on the Phased Strategy of Citizenization of Agricultural Transfer Population——From the Perspective of SocialOrganization Empowerment
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 人口社会学  农业转移人口  社会组织  市民化  社会融入  阶段性策略
英文关键词: sociology of population,rural migrants  social organization  citizenization  social integration  phased strategy
基金项目:安徽省教育厅人文社科重点项目(SK2018A0746);国家社会科学基金一般项目(19BRK022)。
作者单位
周筠婷 安徽省委党校(安徽行政学院)国际教育系安徽  合肥  230031 
张超 安徽省委党校(安徽行政学院)马克思主义学院安徽  合肥  230059 
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中文摘要:
      市民化既是一种结果,也是一个过程。本文根据从时间上按照市民化意愿需求与制度供给的关系进行阶段划分的研究视角,基于安徽省 H 市的实地调查经验,通过分析农业转移人口在市民化推进过程的不同阶段所面临的障碍,从社会组织赋能的角度提出了匹配不同市民化阶段的对策。研究发现,在农业转移人口进入城市之前,其农村利益是否得到保障、城乡文化的差异以及留守人员的民生问题成为阻碍他们进城的主要障碍。在进入城市之后,首当其冲的是民生问题,另外其社会、人力和心理资本过低也成为阻碍其市民化的几个障碍。在此期间社会组织开展有针对性的支持项目匹配不同市民化阶段的农业转移人口,可以更加有针对性地满足诉求、化解矛盾、扩展社会交往并实现基层治理秩序,最终达到“城镇融合”的理想状态,完成市民化发展的最终目标。
英文摘要:
      Citizenization is not only a result but also a process. In accordance with the research perspective of the stage divisionaccording to the relationship between the demand for citizenization and the system supply in terms of time,based on the field surveyexperience of City H in Anhui Province,this paper analyzes the obstacles faced by the rural migrants in different stages of citizenizationprocess,and puts forward countermeasures to match the different stages of citizenization from the perspective of social organizationempowerment. It is revealed that before rural migrants enter the city,whether its rural interests are protected,the cultural differencesbetween urban and rural areas and the livelihood of the left behind people become the main obstacles to their city entering. In addition,the low social,human resource and psychological capital has also become obstacles to its citizenization. During this period,socialorganizations carry out targeted support projects to match the rural migrants in different stages of citizenization,which can morespecifically meet the demands,resolve contradictions,expand social exchanges and achieve grassroots governance order,andfurthermore achieve the ideal state of “urban integration” and the ultimate goal of urbanization development.
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