文章摘要
袁慧,代长青.高层住宅建筑人员疏散时间仿真分析[J].安徽建筑大学学报,2017,25(2):50-54
高层住宅建筑人员疏散时间仿真分析
Simulation Analysis on the Evacuation Time of High-rise Residential Building
  
DOI:10.11921/j.issn.2095-8382.20170211
中文关键词: 单元式高层住宅建筑  Pathfinder软件  人员疏散  仿真模拟
英文关键词: unit high-rise residential building  Pathfinder  evacuation  simulation
基金项目:安徽省教育厅自然科学基金资助项目(KJ2015JD01);安徽省大学生创新创业基金资助项目(201510878156)
作者单位
袁慧 安徽建筑大学数理学院,安徽合肥 230601 
代长青 1.安徽建筑大学土木工程学院安徽合肥2306012.安徽省建筑结构与地下工程重点实验室安徽合肥 230601 
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中文摘要:
      以单元式高层住宅建筑人员疏散为实例,采用经验公式法和Pathfinder软件仿真模拟法计算得到的疏散时间基本相同。仿真模拟计算结果显示:人员全部通过楼梯疏散的时间为344s;采用楼梯和电梯混合疏散时,17层以下住户人员通过楼梯疏散,18层以上住户人员通过电梯疏散,疏散时间为290.8 s。当逃生条件允许时,对高层住宅建筑人员采用楼梯和电梯混合疏散进行优化设计,可以有效地减少人员疏散时间,保证人员安全疏散。
英文摘要:
      Taking the evacuation of unit high-rise residential building as an example, the evacuation time calculated by the empirical formulas and the numerical simulation software Pathfinder are the same as the magnitude. The simulation results show that when all the residents evacuate via the staircase, the evacuation time is 344 s; when all the residents below the 17 layer evacuate via the staircase and all the others evacuate via elevator, the evacuation time by the staircase and elevator is 290.8 s. Under suitable evacuation conditions, the optimal design of the residents evacuated by the staircase and elevator in the high-rise residential building can reduce the evacuation time effectively and make residents safer.
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